Off-Page SEO Optimization: The Beginner’s Guide


Off-Page SEO

Off-page SEO optimization is a vital aspect of search engine optimization, focusing on activities and techniques implemented outside of a website to boost its search rankings, credibility, and online presence.

Links for off-page SEO can be categorized into natural, built, and created links, the quality and value of which are influenced by factors such as authority, relevance, placement, and anchor text.

Off-page SEO encompasses a variety of strategies such as which are discussed in this article.

What is Off-Page Optimization?

Off-page optimization refers to the SEO tactics executed beyond your website to boost its search rankings. It involves attracting valuable backlinks from other websites, fostering social media shares, and securing mentions across the web.

The illustration below shows what a backlink is.

What is a Backlink

Why Is Off-Page SEO Important?

Off-page SEO serves as an important aspect of search engine optimization (SEO).

By focusing on off-page optimization, you can effectively establish a robust online presence, enhance credibility, and significantly impact your website’s search rankings and visibility.

Google considers off-page factors such as backlinks and brand mentions when ranking websites, further underlining their importance.

What are the Types of Links for Off-Page SEO?

Links for off-Page SEO can be categorized into three categories, depending on the way they have been acquired:

  • Natural links
  • Built links
  • Created links

Natural Links

Natural links are those earned organically, without any direct action from you, as other websites link to your content due to its value and relevance.

The author of the content linking to your site deems your content valuable and worth highlighting. It could be either because they follow your brand or discovered your content through organic search.

To attract natural links, consistently produce high-quality content, engage with your audience on social media, and foster relationships with other players in the industry.

Built Links

Built links are acquired actively through outreach efforts.

These links can also arise from promoting your content through campaigns, providing exposure to help others discover your work. While you put in the effort to build these links, the content remains valuable to users.

To acquire these links, you need to reach out to influencers and website owners in your industry, establish relationships with them, and promote your content.

Created Links

Created links are those acquired through self-submissions on business directories, citation sites, user forums, blog comments sections, etc.

Due to their non-natural origin and potential spamming activity, some of these tactics can pose a risk to a website’s reputation as well as its ranking within search engine results pages (SERPs). It’s best that you avoid focusing too much on some of these link acquisition tactics and avoid some altogether.

What Factors Influence Link Value for Off-Page SEO?

Link value for off-page SEO is influenced by factors such as authority, relevance, placement, and anchor text.


Authority refers to the authority of the linking site. It is primarily measured by the number and quality of links pointing to that site.

High-authority domains, as determined by tools like Moz’s Domain Authority, Ahrefs’ Domain Rating, and other tools, can boost your website’s ranking potential when they link to your site.

For example, acquiring a backlink from a reputable news website like the New York Times or Forbes can significantly improve your site’s authority.


Relevance considers the similarity between the linking site’s topic and your content. Google’s algorithm favors links from relevant sources, providing users with valuable and contextually appropriate information.

For instance, if you have a website about fitness, backlinks from a well-known health blog or a sports equipment company would be relevant.


The placement of the link on the referring page influences how search engines interpret the value of the link.

A link placed in the main body content, surrounded by related text, has a higher value compared to a link placed in the website’s footer, sidebar, or comments section.

Anchor Text

Anchor text, or the clickable text in a hyperlink, also affects link value.

Descriptive and relevant anchor text, such as “best cardio exercises” instead of just “click here”. Such link text helps search engines understand the context of the page that is being linked to which can improve the search rankings of that particular web page.

By considering the authority, relevance, placement, and anchor text of links in your off-page SEO strategy and following effective off-page SEO techniques, you can enhance your website’s authority and search engine rankings.

What Are the Best Off-Page SEO Techniques?

Let’s briefly look at 20 different off-page SEO tactics as well as the main steps that you can follow to execute each tactic.

  • Shareable Content
  • Influencer Outreach
  • Guest Posting
  • Broken Link Building
  • Resource Page Link Building
  • Unlinked Brand Mentions
  • HARO
  • Link Roundups
  • “Best X in Y” Listicles
  • Google Business Profile
  • Reviews
  • Citations
  • Forum Submissions
  • Social Media Marketing
  • Video Marketing
  • Podcast Interviews

Shareable Content

Off-page SEO requires creating high-quality, shareable content that amplifies brand visibility, generates natural backlinks, and builds a loyal audience. Concentrate on creating captivating, insightful, and unique content that resonates with your target demographic.

How To Do It

  1. Identify your target audience and their preferences.
  2. Develop captivating, insightful, and distinctive content that resonates with your target demographic.
  3. Focus on link-earning content marketing strategies, such as:
    • Creating evergreen content for long-term relevance.
    • Offering exclusive research or statistics to provide value.
    • Designing engaging visuals to enhance the content appeal.
    • Supplying valuable tools that inspire natural backlinks.
  4. Promote your content across relevant platforms and channels to reach a wider audience.

Influencer Outreach

An off-page SEO strategy often involves influencer outreach which is employed after publishing high-quality, shareable content. It involves connecting with relevant influencers in your niche who can review, share, and link to your content.

How To Do It

  1. Identify your niche and target audience.
  2. Create high-quality, shareable content relevant to your target audience.
  3. Research and identify prominent influencers in your niche.
  4. Reach out to these influencers, presenting your content and highlighting its value and relevance to their followers.
  5. Politely ask for a link from their website if they find your content beneficial for their audience.

Guest Posting

Guest posting is an off-page SEO technique where you create content on external websites or blogs. Guest posting focuses on providing valuable content that fills content gaps, showcases your expertise, establishes beneficial relationships with host websites, and acquires backlinks.

How To Do It

  1. Identify reputable blogs accepting guest contributions.
  2. Conduct research to create well-researched, valuable articles that cover topics not yet addressed on the site.
  3. Showcase your expertise through the content to establish authority.
  4. Prioritize quality and relevance of backlinks over quantity.
  5. Diversify your guest posting portfolio by contributing to different websites.
  6. Foster genuine, mutually beneficial partnerships with host websites.

Broken Link Building

Broken link building involves finding broken links on other websites and reaching out to webmasters with your own resource to replace the link.

How To Do It

  1. Discover niche-related websites.
  2. Detect broken links using various SEO tools and/or browser extensions.
  3. Assess broken links’ relevance and quality.
  4. Develop or find high-quality replacement content on your site.
  5. Connect with website owners, notifying them of the broken link and proposing your replacement content.
  6. Cultivate relationships during outreach to boost acceptance chances.

Resource Page Link Building

Resource page link building involves obtaining backlinks by getting your website or content listed on relevant resource pages. These pages curate valuable resources, tools, or services for a specific audience. To succeed in resource page link building, focus on relationship building and providing valuable content.

How To Do It

  1. Identify relevant resource pages by conducting research within your niche or industry.
  2. Evaluate the authority, relevance, and quality of the identified resource pages.
  3. Identify link opportunities, such as broken links, outdated information, or gaps where your content can add value.
  4. Create or find compelling, high-quality content on your website that is relevant to the target resource page.
  5. Outreach to website owners or webmasters, explaining the value of your content for their resource page.
  6. Follow up and build relationships with website owners for potential future collaboration.

Unlinked Brand Mentions

Unlinked brand mentions link building tactic aims to convert unlinked brand mentions into backlinks by reaching out to website owners.

How To Do It

  1. Monitor your brand using any of the tools like Google Alerts, Mention, Brandwatch, or Brand24.
  2. Identify unlinked mentions by filtering results to find instances where your brand is mentioned without a link.
  3. Assess the relevance and quality of the websites with unlinked brand mentions.
  4. Outreach to website owners, expressing appreciation for the mention and politely requesting a hyperlink to your website.
  5. Provide necessary details, such as the desired URL and appropriate anchor text.
  6. Verify that added links are working correctly.


HARO (Help a Reporter Out) is a technique that helps you gain high-quality backlinks, enhance your online reputation, and build relationships with journalists. By using HARO, you offer your knowledge and expertise in exchange for media mentions and backlinks.

How To Do It

  1. Visit the HARO platform ( and sign up as a source. Select categories or industries that match your expertise and target audience.
  2. Regularly check HARO emails for journalists’ inquiries that align with your expertise and interests.
  3. Identify relevant queries where your insights add significant value and align with your target audience.
  4. Write concise, informative answers addressing journalists’ needs while showcasing your expertise.
  5. Respond via the email address provided in the HARO query and adhere to any specific instructions (e.g., including a bio, headshot, or contact information).
  6. Monitor your submitted responses, look out for publications featuring your insights, and follow up with journalists to cultivate relationships for future collaborations.

Link Roundups

Link roundups are curated collections of content, resources, or tools related to a specific topic or industry, published by bloggers, website owners, or industry influencers. These roundups aim to provide readers with easy access to relevant content from multiple sources in one consolidated list. Similar to resource pages but more timely.

How To Do It

  1. Research link roundups related to your industry or niche by searching for keywords like “[your industry] + link roundup”.
  2. Study the content featured in existing link roundups to understand their preferences, such as form, style, and subject matter.
  3. Produce or find content that is relevant to the themes of targeted link roundups.
  4. Connect with link roundup creators on social media, subscribe to their newsletters, and engage with their content by sharing or leaving insightful comments.
  5. Send a personalized email or message to link roundup creators, succinctly presenting your content and explaining how it adds value to their upcoming roundup.
  6. Maintain a spreadsheet to document your communications, responses, and any publications featuring your content.

“Best X in Y” Listicles

“Best X in Y” listicles are curated articles or blog posts that feature and rank the top businesses, products, or services within a specific industry or area. These listicles serve as a resource for readers seeking informed recommendations, while also driving targeted traffic and generating backlinks to the featured businesses’ websites.

How To Do It

  1. Conduct research to identify opportunities where your offering is not yet included by using Google search operators like “Best BUSINESS TYPE in LOCATION” -“YOUR BUSINESS NAME”.
  2. Examine the identified listicles to determine if your business, product, or service is already featured.
  3. Prepare a pitch by highlighting the unique aspects, positive customer reviews, or other factors that make your business or offering stand out from its competitors.
  4. Craft tailored emails for website owners or content creators behind the listicles, demonstrating your familiarity with their content and proposing your business as a valuable addition to their list.
  5. Provide necessary information such as your business name, website URL, a brief description, and any other requested information to make it easier for the listicle creator to evaluate and include your offering.
  6. As with most link-building tactics, if you don’t receive an initial response, follow up after a reasonable time.

Google Business Profile

A Google Business Profile (GBP), formerly known as Google My Business, is a free listing tool that allows you to control how your business appears on Google. It plays an important role in off-page SEO. Optimizing your GBP can help enhance your online presence, improve local search rankings, and boost your visibility in prominent positions on Google search results pages.

How To Do It

  1. Ensure your business name, address, phone number, and website URL are consistent and up-to-date, helping customers find and connect with your business easily.
  2. Maintain precise and uniform Name, Address, and Phone number (NAP) citations across all local directories and business listings, validating your business for search engines.
  3. Encourage satisfied customers to leave positive reviews on platforms like Google, Yelp, and other local directories.
  4. Actively manage and respond to all reviews to demonstrate your dedication to excellent customer service and build trust with clients.
  5. Utilize the Google Posts feature to share updates, promotions, and relevant information about your business.


Customer reviews play a crucial role in building trust and credibility for your business. These reviews serve as social proof influencing potential customers’ decisions and signaling credibility to search engines.

How To Do It

  1. Encourage satisfied customers to leave reviews on various platforms, such as Google Business Profile, Yelp, Facebook, and industry-specific review platforms.
  2. Regularly review the feedback received, responding promptly to both positive and negative reviews.
  3. Display positive customer reviews on your site, providing social proof and encouraging others to leave their feedback.


Local citations, and online mentions of your business’s name, address, and phone number (NAP), play an important role in off-page SEO efforts. As mentioned earlier, accurate and consistent citations can improve visibility in local search results and support search engines in validating your business’s relevance and credibility within a specific geographic area.

How To Do It

  1. Ensure your NAP information is consistent and accurate across all online platforms, including your website, Google Business Profile listing, social media profiles, and various directories.
  2. List your business on reputable local directories, such as Yelp and Yellow Pages, providing complete and accurate information about your business.
  3. Seek out and list your business on niche-specific directories or platforms that cater to your industry or services.
  4. Regularly review and update existing citations, correcting any outdated or inaccurate information.

Forum Submissions

Forum submissions involve participating in online forums and discussion boards to promote your website, engage with communities, and build links. This tactic allows you to target niche audiences, showcase expertise, and foster relationships.

How To Do It

  1. Identify active forums with engaged communities and a good reputation related to your industry, niche, or target audience. Examples include Quora, Reddit, and other niche-specific forums.
  2. Register an account, fill in your profile details, and include a link to your website in the designated area, generating a backlink and potential referral traffic.
  3. Actively participate in relevant discussions and offer informative responses, insights, and advice, showcasing your expertise and building trust within the community.
  4. Link to your website or relevant pages in your forum posts only when appropriate and genuinely helpful, avoiding overuse or spamming to prevent negative consequences.
  5. Engage with forum members, establish connections, and develop collaborative opportunities that can lead to other off-page SEO opportunities like guest blogging.
  6. Regularly check forum threads for mentions of your brand, products, or services, and respond promptly to demonstrate engagement while addressing any concerns raised.
  7. Abide by each forum’s rules and guidelines to ensure your participation is meaningful and respectful.

Social Media Marketing

A robust social media marketing strategy leverages social media platforms to promote your website, increase brand visibility, engage with your target audience, and drive traffic. This strategy helps build a robust online presence, attract potential backlinks, and improve search rankings indirectly.

How To Do It

  1. Create and optimize profiles on platforms like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, LinkedIn, and Pinterest, ensuring accurate and up-to-date business information and a link to your website.
  2. Regularly post informative, engaging, and shareable content to attract followers and increase brand exposure.
  3. Respond to comments, messages, and mentions, fostering meaningful interactions.
  4. Encourage discussions, create polls, and host live sessions or Q&A sessions to stimulate interaction and enhance user engagement.
  5. Make sharing on social media easy for visitors by adding buttons on your website and blog posts.
  6. Consider partnering with niche influencers or industry experts to broaden the brand reach and generate engagement.

Understand that while not direct ranking factors, social signals can create traffic, increase brand awareness, and attract backlinks that contribute to improved search rankings over time.

Video Marketing

Video marketing involves creating and promoting engaging videos to connect with your target audience and enhance brand visibility.

How To Do It

  1. Produce video content resonating with your target audiences, such as tutorials, product demonstrations, how-to guides, and industry insights.
  2. Create a YouTube channel and boost your channel’s discoverability using relevant keywords in video titles, descriptions, and tags. Also, include website links in descriptions, design compelling thumbnails, and utilize annotations or end screens to engage viewers.
  3. Embed videos in relevant website pages to enhance user experience and promote longer time on the page.
  4. Consider posting and/or repurposing videos on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram, and other social media platforms.
  5. Leverage satisfied customers to provide authentic video testimonials, sharing these endorsements on your website and social platforms to boost reputation and trust.
  6. Consider collaborating with influencers, industry peers, or content creators to cross-promote and reach new audiences through guest video content.

Podcast Interviews

Podcast interviews involve appearing on relevant podcasts as a guest to share expertise, increase brand visibility, and expand audience reach.

How To Do It

  1. Find podcasts that align with your industry, niche, or target audience, and cover topics related to your expertise or offerings.
  2. During the interview, deliver insightful, engaging, and actionable information, positioning yourself as an authority and captivating the listener.
  3. Mention your website during the interview and ensure a link is provided in the episode description or show notes to create backlinks and drive referral traffic.
  4. Share the published podcast episode on your website, blog, social media, and email newsletters to increase interest and the number of listeners.
  5. Consider converting the podcast interview into other content formats (e.g., blog posts, videos, or social media snippets) to reach wider audiences and maximize impact.
  6. Explore ongoing collaborations with podcast hosts or networks, such as recurring guest appearances or cross-promotions, to expand your audience and exposure.

Off-Page SEO vs. On-Page SEO vs. Technical SEO

Off-Page SEO, On-Page SEO, and Technical SEO are three distinct aspects of search engine optimization (SEO) that focus on different areas of website optimization.

Off-page SEO refers to activities performed outside of your website. It involves building backlinks from other websites and generating brand mentions or citations.

On the other hand, on-page SEO optimization focuses on optimizing web pages to improve their visibility and relevance in search engine results. It involves optimizing various elements within your website, such as content, meta tags, headings, URL structure, internal linking, keyword usage, and more. Lastly, technical SEO involves optimizing the technical aspects of your website to improve its crawlability and indexability. It mostly focuses on the backend elements that affect your website’s visibility and user experience, including website speed, mobile-friendliness, site architecture, XML sitemaps, canonical tags, robots.txt files, structured data markup, and more.